Frank Robinson Arrives in 1974, Clashes with Gaylord Perry – Reliving Yesteryear


They hated each other. It was hardly a secret, from their days in the National League in the early 1960s. Gaylord Perry had been the talented pitcher of the San Francisco Giants; Frank Robinson, the five-tool outfielder of the Cincinnati Reds.

The narrative came easily: the fiery, outspoken black child of the U.S. civil-rights era vs. the white farm boy from the deep South. But was that fair?

By 1975, each player had been at the top of his profession. Frank Robinson was a 14-time All Star who had been MVP in both leagues. He won the American League Triple Crown in 1966. It’s hard to believe that such a player is underrated, today. Once Hank Aaron passed Babe Ruth on the career home run list, a full generation of fans could recite the top four. Aaron, Ruth, Mays, and Frank Robinson. His career was one for the ages.

Gaylord Perry had been acquired by the Cleveland Indians after the 1971 season. The Giants coveted the elite power arm of the Tribe’s Sam McDowell, and were willing to part with Perry and defensive-minded shortstop Frank Duffy. All Perry did in 1972 was win the A.L. Cy Young Award for the last-place Indians. On the season, he went 24-16 with a 1.92 ERA, and 29 complete games (he averaged just under 28 CG per year from 1972-1975). He even saved a game! Fan interest in Perry’s 1974 season caught fire, as he approached Johnny Allen’s 4-decade-old team record of 16 straight wins. He would win 15 straight.

A big problem with the Indians circa 1974 was the lack of starting pitching behind their ace. There was Jim Perry, the more easygoing, older brother of Gaylord’s. Former Yankee Fritz Peterson was the nominal Number Three.
Regardless, manager Ken Aspromonte had his Indians within shouting distance of first place, into September that season. Around that time, the California Angels placed Frank Robinson on waivers. General manager Phil Seghi picked up the veteran hitter on September 12, ostensibly as a “right handed bat” for the pennant race. Immediately, there were whispers- denied by all parties- that Robinson had been brought in to eventually manage the team. Aspromonte believed the whispers.

frank robinson bw intentThe Tribe, 71-71 on the day Robinson was acquired, proceeded to finish the season in a free fall. They lost 14 of the final 20 games to finish 14 games behind the Baltimore Orioles. On September 27, during a rain delay, Aspromonte confronted Seghi. Was he going to be back as manager in 1975? Seghi told him no- but he felt it best for all parties to make the announcement in a week or so, after the end of the season.

“Aspro” (left) was distressed. He retired to his office. It was then that he heard the shouting from the clubhouse.

Some accounts hold that Perry and Robinson were close to blows; instead, it seems clear that Perry remained seated while Robinson exploded. The slugger had read a quote by the pitcher in the newspaper, to the effect that Perry was planning to demand “the same salary, plus a dollar more” than the $173,500 that Robinson was earning. Robby took that personally.

Joe Lis’ locker was in between the two enemies. In front of the team, he stood up to Robinson, asking him to take his problems with Perry outside. The team didn’t need more trouble. (Unfortunately for Lis, his future manager seemed to hold a grudge against him until his selection by the Seattle Mariners in the 1976 expansion draft.)

The two “combatants” were ultimately separated by Aspromonte. It was then that the other shoe fell: he announced he would not be returning as the manager of the Cleveland Indians (the timing enraged Seghi).

Sportswriters quickly learned of the dispute. The following day’s headlines, trumpeting both the quarrel and the manager’s news, owed themselves to the access the press received during the rain delay.

To Robinson, the issue was now in the past. Perry? That wasn’t so clear. Robby liked to get things off his chest- but Perry appeared content to play sides against each other in a passive – aggressive manner.

This remained so, into training camp in 1975. Frank Robinson was now manager, the first black manager in the big leagues. Besides the challenges he found between the foul lines, he inherited a team that separated itself along racial lines. (Upon his arrival in 1974, he noted the self-segregation of the team, which even extended to the coaches. This included Larry Doby, the player who’d broken the AL color barrier with the Indians, back during the same season Jackie Robinson debuted in the NL.)

A pattern emerged. The manager set the rules and outlined his expectations. The influential veteran quietly undermined his authority. An example was their views of the team’s conditioning program. Perry (not exactly the picture of physical fitness) had his own way of getting into playing shape. He preferred to run sprints, and work on fielding ground balls. Robinson had the entire team running 15 times from foul pole to foul pole, with some backwards running thrown in for good measure. Also, pitchers were forbidden to take infield practice.

Robinson wanted the entire team to abide by the same rules. Perry’s response (to a reporter, not to his manager): “I am nobody’s slave.” (Alrighty, then. Hit that hot button, Gay.)

gaylord perry arms foldedInterestingly, while the manager held deep grudges from various other feuds within the team, he never seemed to really let his ace pitcher get to him. For his part, Gaylord Perry remained a subversive force throughout the early part of the 1975 season.

He questioned Robinson’s handling of veterans and younger players alike. He questioned the manager’s selection of team captains. He coyly courted other teams with quotes in the newspapers, teams like the Boston Red Sox and the Texas Rangers- places where he was interested in playing.

Phil Seghi eventually did trade Perry. He actually traded both brothers, prior to midway through the season. Sure, personality conflicts contributed heavily to this, but the fact was neither pitcher had been effective. The team was in last place when Gaylord was traded in late June, at 23-32.

Leading the way after the purge were veterans such as Buddy Bell, Rico Carty, and newcomer Boog Powell. Also, relief pitcher and Indians Man of the Year Dave LaRoche. The big story, however, was the infusion of exciting, confident, youthful players who began making the move from the minor leagues: pitchers Dennis Eckersley and Eric Raich, catcher Alan Ashby, second baseman Duane Kuiper, and center fielder Rick Manning. Their energy and their eagerness to please their manager were contagious.

Overall, the season was rough, despite some notable highlights. The Indians’ record was 55-41 after June 21, and they ended up 79-80 for the year. Frank Robinson was rehired for the 1976 season.

Although he’d been dealt by the Tribe, Gaylord Perry’s career was not over. He enjoyed varying degrees of success with a half dozen different teams, and won another Cy Young award- this time, in the National League, with San Diego, in 1978.

Back in Cleveland, some feel that had they cooperated with each other, leading the team in a unified manner, the Indians of Gaylord Perry and Frank Robinson had a chance to be a legitimate contender.

To be certain, the two alpha males of the 1975 Cleveland Indians were opposites, culturally and in their personalities. In other ways, the individuals were very much alike: prideful, hyper-competitive, and driven.

The result was a power struggle that resulted in a mid-season implosion.

  • Mike Bogucci

    A choppy but interesting stroll down memory lane. Remind me to tell you my Boog Powell story sometime, Greg!

  • Harv 21

    Nice story.

    That mediocre team never had a chance to be a contender (start with the pitching staff and go from there). The town was excited for a while, though, at flirting with a rare winning record for the season, at having a genuine star as player-manager who actually hit a pinch hit home run in the season opener.

    I doubt the beef was racial. Robinson and Gaylord were a couple of classic baseball SOBs. Robinson was surly like Eddie Murray and Albert Belle, Perry was mean as a snake in the classic Bob Gibson/Steve Carlton mode. Go ask Rick Manning if the scary way Perry treated young teammates was racially based.

  • Petefranklin

    I’m pretty sure 1974 was the first time in a long time that the indians drew a million fans.

  • Greg Popelka

    I hear you, Harv. If you are interested in real-time, diary-format accounts of Frank Robinson’s arrival in Cleveland, there’s Frank Robinson, The Making of a Manager by Schneider (a beat writer at the time), and Frank, The First Year by Robinson and Anderson. I’ll stand by what I wrote – not overt racial conflict, there certainly were racial overtones. Sign of the times, to be sure.

  • Greg Popelka

    Mike, I am still interested in that story! GP

  • Greg Popelka

    Do you have a theory why ’74 was greater than the historic ’75 season? ’74 attendance was 1.1mil, almost double the previous couple seasons. Down to 900k+ the next couple seasons. Seems like ’72 would have seen a spike, with Perry’s streak.

  • Petefranklin

    I was too young, but I remember the thanks a million key chains that they gave out. I think the millionth fan won something that night as well and we were pretty close, like three aisles away.
    10 cent beer? Good weather and the Browns sucking? I don’t know.

  • tolbuck

    The year Perry won the Cy Young the Indians finished fifth, 7 games ahead of the Brewers. They finished last in 73, which was the year after his Cy Young.

  • Mike Bogucci

    Greg….if news reports were correct yesterday, it was the 40th anniversary of my Boog Powell story. I’d like to share it with you…just gotta get an email address or something for you….